The CDC recommends that all infants be vaccinated with three doses of hepatitis B vaccine beginning at 12 hours of age with the last dose given before 18 months of age to prevent transmission by an infected mother to her newborn. The CDC also recommends hepatitis B vaccination for adults with diabetes; household and sexual contacts of people with chronic hepatitis B infection; healthcare workers; people at increased risk for hepatitis B virus exposure due to occupational, behavioral, or medical factors; and international travelers to countries with high or intermediate hepatitis B infection rates.
Last night was President Trump's first address to Congress. There weren't any mentions about vaccinations, and while there have been rumors of an Executive Order on vaccines, nothing official has been released by the Trump Administration. Recently, President Trump said that he believes that vaccines are bad and has been a cause for autism in children. These claims cause doubt and confusion around the value of vaccines.
On November 13, 2009, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revised and updated the vaccination criteria for US immigration so the people who are entering the country must be healthy so it will be safer when they are in public.
The American Medical Association (AMA) gave a statement saying that they are deeply concerned about creating a new commission on vaccination safety would cause unnecessary confusion and adversely impact the parental decision-making and immunization practices.
In spite of the fact that there aren't any all-encompassing U.S. government vaccination laws, every one of the 50 states require that babies must get immunizations for Measles, Mumps and Rubella in first 18 months. Moreover, they should be immunized for Tuberculosis, Tetanus, Polio, Pertussis and Haemophilus Influenza Type B within their first 3 years, with a mandatory vaccination for Hepatitis B before beginning school. Many vaccine-preventable diseases are at low level in children due to recommended vaccinations in the United States.
In HBI-DC Blog #1 - Measles, Vaccines, and Hepatitis, California Governor Jerry Brown was profiled for his stance, writing “The science is clear that vaccines dramatically protect children against a number of infectious and dangerous diseases.”
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) stated the following in a Dec. 1, 2006 publication "General Recommendations on Immunization: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)," published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report:
"The best way to reduce vaccine-preventable diseases is to have a highly immune population. Universal vaccination is a critical part of quality health care and should be accomplished through routine and intensive vaccination programs implemented in physicians’ offices and in public health clinics. Programs should be established and maintained in all communities to ensure vaccination of all children at the recommended age. Physicians and other health-care providers should simultaneously administer as many vaccine doses as possible, as indicated on the Recommended Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedule."
Vaccines protect the "herd. Herd immunity (or community immunity) implies that when a “critical part” (the percent of individuals who should be immunized) of a population is vaccinated against an infectious illness it is unlikely that an episode of the disease will happen so most individuals from the herd will be safe.
Accomplishing and keeping up high trust in vaccination plans and suggested immunizations will most likely be challenging all the time. In the absence of visible diseases, parents’ recognition of the health threat posed by them will wane, and so will the public’s appreciation of vaccines. Only through ongoing education and commitment to communication and dialogue with parents can we be confident that children will get the vaccines they need.